Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Isfīdjāb
(896 words)

, a town and an extensive district of mediaeval Islamic Central Asia, identifiable with the later Islamic town of Sayram. Popular etymologising saw in the name the Persian component sipīd , ispīd “white”. It lay on the Aris river, a right-bank affluent of the Si̊r Daryā [q.v.], 14 km/8 miles to the east of the later town of Chimkent (lat. 42° 16′ N., long. 69° 05′ E.); Chimkent itself, now in the southernmost part of the Kazakhstan Republic, is mentioned in the historical sources from Tīmūrid times onwards, e.g. in S̲h̲araf al-Dīn ʿAlī Yazdī.

Isfīd̲j̲āb apparently had a pre-Islamic histo…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “Isfīdjāb”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8709>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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