Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,440 words)

, the biblical Ishmael, is already mentioned in four places in the Ḳurʾān which date from before the Hid̲j̲ra, in a list of holy men of antiquity: in Sūra XIX, 54 f. it is said of him: “He was one who spoke the promise truly, and he was a messenger and a prophet. He enjoined upon his people the prayer and the almsgiving, and was in his Lord’s eyes approved”; in Sūra XXXVIII, 48 he is mentioned together with Elisha (al-Yasaʿ) and D̲h̲u ’l-Kifl as “one of the good”; in Sūra XXI, 85 f. together wit…

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Paret, Rudi, “Ismāʿīl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3644>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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