Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Istiḳlāl
(331 words)

, an Arabic verbal noun, from the tenth form of the root ḳ-l-l . In Classical and Middle Arabic this form is used with a variety of meanings (see Dozy and other dictionaries), and especially to convey the notion of separate, detached, unrestricted, not shared, or sometimes even arbitrary. It occurs occasionally in a political context—e.g., of a dynasty, a region, a people or a city quarter not effectively subject to some higher authority. Such occurrences are, however, rare, and the word was in no sense a political technical term. In Ottoman officia…

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Ed., “Istiḳlāl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 04 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3683>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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