(266 words)

, a particularly commended pious practice consisting of a period of retreat in a mosque, the vow for which stipulates a certain number of days in accordance with the believer’s own wish. He must not leave it, save for the performance of his natural functions and his ablutions. He will there practise fasting, ritual prayer and recitation of the Ḳurʾān; with regard to other activities, for example the instruction given in the mosque, the schools are not in agreement. There is a divergence between the theory of fiḳh and sociological reality in that retreat is very seldom practised. Iʿtikāf can …

Cite this page
Bousquet, G.-H., “Iʿtikāf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 10 December 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3704>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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