Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Iʿtimād al-Dawla
(142 words)

, literally: “trusty support of the state”, a title of Persian wazīrs during the Ṣafawid period and subsequently.

The title iʿtimād al-dawla does not occur during the reign of Ismaʿīl I (907-30/1501-24), and first appears towards the end of the reign of Ṭahmāsp I, ca. 976/1568-9 (see Tārīk̲h̲-i Īlčī-yi Niẓāms̲h̲āh , B. M. Ms. Add. 23,513, fol. 480a). The introduction of this title reflected the growing importance of the bureaucracy in an increasingly centralized administration, and marked a significant increase in the power of the wazīr at the expense of the wakīl [q.v.]. Under the Ḳād…

Cite this page
Savory, R.M., “Iʿtimād al-Dawla”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 26 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3706>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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