(839 words)

, an ancient Arab tribe whose ancestor Iyād is according to the genealogists the son of Nizār b. Maʿadd and the brother of Rabīʿa, Anmār, and Muḍar. They dwelt first in the Tihāma. The Meccan tradition (see Wüstenfeld, Chroniken , ii, 137 ff.) tells that they drove the D̲j̲urhum from Mecca and made themselves masters of the Kaʿba, but were turned out after a quarrel with the Ḵh̲uzāʿa. They went to Baḥrayn, where they formed with other tribes the confederation al-Tanūk̲h̲ [q.v.]. Then they moved into ʿIrāḳ where the Sawād, the fertile region between the desert and the Euphrat…

Cite this page
Fück, J.W., “Iyād”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3714>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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