Kalām
(2,870 words)

, in the sense of kalām Allāh the Word of God, must here be distinguished from 1) kalām meaning ʿilm al-kalām [q.v.], “defensive apologetics”, or “the science of discourse” (on God); and 2) kalima [q.v.] which, in the expression kalimat Allāh , means “a” (single) divine utterance.

Kalām Allāh is found at least three times in the Ḳurʾān (II, 75, IX, 6, XLVIII, 15). God spoke to the prophets (II, 253); He spoke “clearly” to Moses (IV, 164, VII, 143), who had been chosen to …

Cite this page
Gardet, L., “Kalām”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0421>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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