Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(586 words)

, name given to the members of a class of dervishes which existed formerly, especially in the 7th/13th century, in the Islamic world, within the area extending from Almali̊k in Turkestan in the east to Morocco in the west; they resembled, with some minor differences, the “hippies” of today, distinguishing themselves from other Muslims by adopting Malāmatiyya [q.v.] doctrines and by their unconventional dress, behaviour and way of life. The origin of the term has not yet been established: it is first encountered in a rubāʿī of Baba Ṭāhir ʿUryānī (JA, 8th series, 1885, vi, 516) and in …

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Yazici, Tahsin, “Ḳalandar”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 08 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3810>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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