(183 words)

, also Kaylif , a town on the Amu-Daryā (al-Masʿūdī, viii, 64 calls the latter “Kālif River”), west-north-west of Tirmid̲h̲. The main part of the town with the fortress Rībāṭ D̲h̲ī-l-Ḳarnayn lay to the south of the river; there was a castle nearby. On the outskirts on the northern bank lay the fortress called Ribāṭ Dhīl-Kifl [see d̲h̲u ’l-ḳifl ]. In 1220 the Khwārizms̲h̲āh Muḥammad II marched on the town to prevent the Mongols from crossing the Amū-Daryā. According to Mustawfī, Nuzhat al-Ḳulūb , 156 (translation 153), Kālif was famous in the 8th/14th century for its fruit an…

Cite this page
Spuler, B., “Kālif”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3829>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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