Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,082 words)

, the Turkish name for a Mongol people, the Oyrat, who in the time of Čingiz-K̲h̲ān [q.v.] inhabited the forests to the west of Lake Baykal. The name is derived (probably only by popular etymology) from the verb ḳalmak ,, “to remain” and distinguishes the Oyrat, who “remained” pagans, from the Dungans (the Chinese-speaking Muslims), who had “returned” (the verb dönmek ), according to the well-known Muslim idea, to Islam. A group of the Oyrat had accompanied Hülegü to the west and played a certain rôle in Īl-K̲h̲ānid …

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Boyle, J.A. and Wheeler, G.E., “Kalmuk”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 06 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0429>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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