Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(985 words)

, the name for wheat in Syria and in Egypt; in ʿIrāḳ wheat is called ḥinṭa and in Arabia it was called d̲h̲urr . These different words are also used in the literary Arabic of the western and eastern provinces of the Muslim empire.

Wheat was the main grain crop in the Near East from the beginning of the Muslim period (and much earlier), while in Europe in the Middle Ages even the upper classes ate bread made from barley and rye. The predominance of wheat among cereals distinguished Muslim countries from the Far East also, as Chinese travellers observed.

Muslim physicians recommended abstention …

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Ashtor, E., “Ḳamḥ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 25 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3844>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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