Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(4,265 words)

(a.), dictionary.

1. Arabic Lexicography

The word ḳāmūs/ḳawmas , from the Greek Ωχεανός appeared in Arabic, at the latest at the time of the Prophet, with the meaning of “the bottom, the very deepest part of the sea”. Nevertheless, following Ptolemy, the Arab geographers borrowed the Greek word again, in the form Uḳiyānūs , and applied it to “the mass of water surrounding the earth”, more particularly the Atlantic Ocean, which was called Uḳiyānūs al-muḥīṭ , then more simply al-Ḳāmūs al-muḥ…

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Haywood, J.A., MacKenzie, D.N. and Eckmann, J., “Ḳāmūs”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 December 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0434>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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