Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ḳarā K̲h̲iṭāy
(3,476 words)

the usual name in Muslim sources of the 6th/12th and 7th/13th centuries of the Kitai people, mentioned in Chinese sources from the 4th century A.D. onwards as living on the northern fringes of the Chinese empire; during the course of the 6th/12th century a group of them migrated into the Islamic lands of Central Asia and established a domination there which endured for some eighty years.

In the Ork̲h̲on inscriptions of Outer Mongolia, the royal annals of the T’u-chüeh or Turks (ca. 732 A.D.), the Kitai are mentioned as enemies of the Turks and as living to the…

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Bosworth, C.E., “Ḳarā K̲h̲iṭāy”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3890>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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