Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(911 words)

( kerk̲h̲a ), a river in Luristān and K̲h̲ūzistān, whose source lies in the region of Nihāwand. Its upper and middle course is strictly a tributary of the mountain system of the Zagros, where the valleys run in the same direction as the chains, the watercourses passing at times from one to the other by short transverse gorges. From which results the uncertainty over nomenclature, the rivers changing name with the divided regions that they traverse.

The Kark̲h̲a is made up of the union in the region of Nihāwand of a certain number of watercourses: Čas̲h̲m-i Kāẓim, Sura K…

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Schwarz, P. and Miquel, A., “Kark̲h̲a”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3935>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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