Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(837 words)

, a name by which three places are known: Carthage, Cartéia (Ḳarṭād̲j̲annat al-D̲j̲azīra) and Carthagena. This synonymy seems to be the cause of numerous confusions between the ancient Punic capital and Ḳarṭād̲j̲annat al-k̲h̲alfāʾ (and not al-k̲h̲uladāʾ as Yāḳūt interprets it). These confusions have been studied by J. Vallve, Carthage et Carthagène au VIII e siècle . The name of the town, seat of a bishopric, must be the translation of Cartago-Spartaria, alluding to the abundance of esparto grass in the region.

According to al-Ḥimyārī ( Rawḍ al-miʿṭār , no. 139, who copies al-Idr…

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Chalmeta, P., “Ḳarṭād̲j̲anna”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 26 February 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3949>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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