Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(821 words)

, Arabic name for Castile in Spain. The first, and not the least problem, is that of the original name of the territory called, from the 9th century onwards, Castilla. This name appears to be derived from Latin castellum , and would have been given to the region because of the abundance there of fortified places. Arabic al-Kilāʿ would accordingly be the expected translation, but many sources (Yāḳūt, al-Idrīsī, al-ʿUd̲h̲rī, al-Ḥimyarī, Ibn ʿId̲h̲ārī, al-Maḳḳarī, etc.) have Ḳas̲h̲tāla, Ḳas̲h̲tīla, or Ḳasṭīlya. Above all, al-Rāzī on several occasions mentions enemies min aḳṣā Banbalūna…

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Chalmeta, P., “Ḳas̲h̲tāla”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_3977>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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