(590 words)

, a word used only once in the Ḳurʾān (CVIII, 1: “Yes, we have given you al-kawt̲h̲ar” ); the short Sūra CVIII is given the name surāt al-kawt̲h̲ar . The word comes from the root K-T̲H̲-R “to be abundant” in the fawʿal formation, which is not rare (e.g. nawfal: other examples in Brockelmann, Grundriss der vergleichenden Grammatik , i, 34). The kawt̲h̲ar which occurs in ancient poetry (see quotations in Ibn His̲h̲ām, ed. Wüstenfeld, 261, and Nöldeke-Schwally, Geschichte des Qorāns , i, 92) means “abundance”. Some ancient writers of tafsīr interpret kawt̲h̲ar in Ḳurʾān, CVIII, 1 as “ab…

Cite this page
Horovitz, J. and Gardet, L., “Kawt̲h̲war”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 September 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4043>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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