Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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K̲h̲ādim al-Ḥaramayn
(960 words)

(a.), “servant of the two holy places” (sc. Mecca and Medina), a title used by a number of Muslim monarchs. Adopted by the Ottoman Sultan Selīm I after the conquest of Egypt in 922/1517 and used by some of his successors, it was regarded in late Ottoman times as a Caliphal title, and was said to have been taken over by Selīm from the last ʿAbbāsid caliph in Cairo. This does not correspond with the evidence, and appears to be part of the mythology of the Ottoman caliphate. As far as can be ascert…

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Lewis, B., “K̲h̲ādim al-Ḥaramayn”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 August 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4118>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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