Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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K̲h̲āliṣa
(8,539 words)

(pl. k̲h̲āliṣad̲j̲āt ) as a term signifying crown lands comes into general use in Persian sources in the middle ages. It is also applied to lesser rivers, ḳanāts [q.v.] and wells belonging to the crown. In early Islamic times the term ṣawāfī [q.v.] is used to denote crown lands in general, while the terms ḍiyāʿ al-k̲h̲āṣṣa , ḍiyāʿ al-sulṭān and ḍiyāʿ al-k̲h̲ulafāʾ are applied to the private estates of the caliph. Under the early semi-independent dynasties which arose in Persia on the fragmentation of the caliphate, the terms k̲h̲āṣṣ and k̲h̲āṣṣa are used of the personal possessions o…

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Lambton, A.K.S., “K̲h̲āliṣa”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4172>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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