K̲h̲āṣṣakiyya
(247 words)

(under the Mamlūks). These were the sultan’s bodyguard and select retinue. Most of them usually belonged to the corps of the reigning sultan’s freedmen ( mus̲h̲tarawāt , ad̲j̲lāb , d̲j̲ulbān ). Most of the commanders ( amīrs ) rose from the khāṣṣakiyya . They were considered to be the most prestigious body within the Mamlūk military aristocracy, and were the closest to the sultan. Frequent reference is made to their being sent on special missions inside and outside the Mamlūk sultanate, their being appointed governors of some of the Sy…

Cite this page
Ayalon, D., “K̲h̲āṣṣakiyya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4229>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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