Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(8,242 words)

(a.), ceramics. The radical transformation of ceramics under the rule of Islam took place chiefly in areas where their production had long been established, such as near the vital river beds of Mesopotamia, Egypt and Transoxiana, as well as on the banks of ancient inland seas, lakes and the shorter rivers of Syria and Iran. Pre-Pharaonic beakers, bowls from Jericho, jugs from Eridu, ewers from Sialk, all point to early skills in shaping and painting. By the 20th century B.C. in Egypt, the glassy…

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Crowe, Yolande, “K̲h̲azaf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 19 September 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0506>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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