Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(4,584 words)

(a.), a one-fifth share of the spoils of war and, according to the majority of Muslim jurists, of other specified forms of income, set aside for variously designated beneficiaries.

1. In Sunnism.

For the Sunnīs, like the S̲h̲īʿīs, the starting point for the discussion of k̲h̲ums is Ḳurʾān, VIII, 41 ( āyat al-k̲h̲ums , āyat al-g̲h̲anīma ). The Sunnī exegetes take this verse to address the spoils of war specifically, but beyond that there is widespread disagreement about the circumstances of its revelation, its interpretation and the extent of its app…

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Zysow, A. and Gleave, R., “K̲h̲ums”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 28 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1417>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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