(645 words)

, Calabria (in Yāḳut is found Ḳillawriya, and in Ibn D̲j̲ubayr, Riḥla , Ḳalawriya, both of these close to the Byzantine Καλαβρία, Kalavría, in Italian Calabria).

It is very likely that the Arabs, coming probably from Spain, launched attacks across the sea against certain coastlands of Calabria even before Asad b. al-Furāt [q.v.] landed in Sicily in 212/827, thus providing the Muslims with a base for military operations against the Italian mainland.

According to Ibn al-At̲h̲īr (M. Amari, BAS, Leipzig 1857, text 228), followed by Ibn K̲h̲aldūn (ibid., 469), the first serious operati…

Cite this page
Rizzitano, U., “Ḳillawriya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4367>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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