Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(880 words)

, Arabic form of the Persian name K̲h̲usraw, derived from Syriac Kesrō or Kōrsrō by the 6th century A.D. The consonant and vowel changes occurred because was used for both k and kh in Syriac, and used here for the Persian kh, became k in Arabic. The first u became i by vowel dissimilation in Syriac, and the final vowel became an alif maḳṣūra by approximation to the fiʿlā form. Arabic lexicographers said there was no Arabic word ending in wāw with ḍamma after the first consonant, so K̲h̲usraw was put in the fiʿlā form and the kh became k to show that it was Arabicised.

Although K̲h̲usraw occurs in Ar…

Cite this page
Morony, M., “Kisrā”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 17 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4407>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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