Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ḳi̊zi̊l-Bās̲h̲
(2,829 words)

(t. “Red-head”). The word is used in both a general and a specific sense. In general, it is used loosely to denote a wide variety of extremist S̲h̲īʿī sects [see g̲h̲ulāt ], which flourished in Anatolia and Kurdistān from the late 7th/13th century onwards, including such groups as the Alevis ( ʿAlawīs ; see A. S. Tritton, Islam: belief and practices, London 1951, 83).

The ʿAlawīs were closely connected with the Nuṣayrīs [q.v.] of northern Syria and Cicilia, and the tahtacis ( tak̲h̲tad̲j̲is [q.v.]), in order to protect themselves from persecution by the Ottoman government as …

Cite this page
Savory, R.M., “Ḳi̊zi̊l-Bās̲h̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4415>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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