Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ḳi̊zi̊l-Elma (or Ḳi̊zi̊l-Alma)
(870 words)

, “Red Apple” is an expression which occurs in written sources from the 16th century onwards; it also occurs in Turkish oral traditions from Anatolia and Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ān as well as in modern Greek, Bulgarian and Rumanian folklore, current to this day. It refers to a legendary city which was to be the ultimate goal of Turko-Muslim conquests, and some versions explain the term from the resemblance between a red apple and the golden dome of a building—in this latter case it refers to a large churc…

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Boratav, P.N., “Ḳi̊zi̊l-Elma (or Ḳi̊zi̊l-Alma)”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 10 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4416>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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