Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Kötwāl
(1,220 words)

(Persian orthography, k.w.twāl ), commander of a fortress, town, etc. The word is used throughout mediaeval times in the Iranian, Central Asian and Muslim Indian worlds, and has spread westwards into the regions of ʿIrāḳ and the Persian Gulf, where we find it, for instance, as a component of place names like Kūt al-ʿAmāra [q.v.], and given an Arabic-pattern diminutive form in al-Kuwayt [q.v.].

Although the word appears from the Mongol period onwards in Turkish, including Čag̲h̲atay, in such versions as ketaul , kütäül , etc., so that many native authorities (and following them…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “Kötwāl”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 06 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4447>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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