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, S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ Abu ’l-D̲j̲annāb Aḥmad b. ʿUmar Nad̲j̲m al-Dīn , eponymous founder of the Kubrawī Ṣūfī order, one of the major orders of the Mongol period in Central Asia and K̲h̲urāsān. from which stem numerous derivative initiatic lines. The sobriquet of Kubrā is an abbreviation of the Ḳurʾānic expression al-ṭāmmat al-kubrā , “the major disaster”, a nickname Nad̲j̲m al-Dīn earned through his formidable talent in polemic and disputation.

Born in K̲h̲wārazm in 540/1145, he began his career as a scholar of ḥadīt̲h̲ and kalām , travelling extensively in the cultivation of these disc…

Cite this page
Algar, Hamid, “Kubrā”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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