Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Ḳuld̲j̲a
(1,365 words)

or G̲h̲uld̲j̲a , modern Hi or I-ning, a town in the fertile and mineral-rich upper valley of the Ili river [q.v.] in Central Asia. For the mediaeval history of the district in which modern Ḳuld̲j̲a lay, see almali̊g̲h̲ .

The town of Ḳuld̲j̲a (“Old Ḳuld̲j̲a”) was probably a new foundation in 1762 by the Chinese after their victory over the Kalmucks [see kalmuk ] in 1759, and they named it Ning-yüan-chen. Two years later the town of Hoi-yuan-chen was founded as the headquarters of the Chinese governor-general ( dsandsün ) of Chinese Turkestan; this was known as “Great” or “New” Ḳuld̲…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “Ḳuld̲j̲a”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 20 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4496>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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