, Ḳuṭun (A.), cotton.
1. In the mediaeval Arab and Persian lands.
In the period of the Arab conquests cotton had already been propagated from India to eastern Persia and the neighbouring lands. It was cultivated everywhere and a flourishing industry produced cotton goods there. The Arab geographers, in describing the economy of these lands in the ʿAbbāsid period, speak especially of the production of cotton goods, but there is good reason to suppose that these factories used the cotton planted in their own regions.
In modern Afg̲h̲ānistān, Kabul and Herat had cotton factories wh…