Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(3,461 words)

(a., plural katātib ), itself probably plural of kātib (“scribe”), a type of beginners’ or primary school. The term is frequently synonymous with maktab in Arabic and Persian and mektep in Turkish. In Ottoman it was also called mekteb-k̲h̲āne or mekteb-i ṣi̊byān or ṣi̊byān mektebi, (“children’s school”); later, in the Tanẓīmāt era, it was more generally referred to as ibtidāʾī mekteb (“beginner’s school”) and then as ilk mekteb (“primary school”). European writers have often called it “Ḳurʾānic school”.

The kuttāb was formerly widespread in Islamic lands. Although the appe…

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Landau, J.M., “Kuttāb”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 13 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4594>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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