Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

Get access

(2,286 words)

, a pre-Islamic Arab dynasty of ʿIrāḳ that made al-Ḥīra [q.v.] its capital and ruled it for some three centuries from ca. 300 A.D. to ca. 600 A.D. Strictly speaking, the dynasty should be called the Naṣrids after their eponym, Naṣr, Lak̲h̲m [q.v.] being the tribe to which they belonged. As semi-independent kings and as clients of the Sāsānids, the Lak̲h̲mids were the dominant force in the political, military, and cultural history of the Arabs during these three centuries before the rise of Islam.

1. History. The founder of the dynasty, whose floruit may be assigned to the last quarter of the 3…

Cite this page
Shahîd, Irfan, “Lak̲h̲mids”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 22 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0564>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲