Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(719 words)

(A.), the opposite of k̲h̲id̲h̲lān [q.v.]. Derivatives of the root l-ṭ-f are used in the Ḳurʾān in two senses, as (a) kind (e.g., XLII, 18) and (b) subtle (XXXI, 15; VI, 103; XXXIII, 34; LXVII, 14; XXII, 62). Senses (a) and (b) are linked by the idea of God organising matters in such a way as to bring about a beneficial state of affairs. It is this religious notion which is applied in the Arabic translation of Alexander of Aphrodisias’ Fī mabādiʾ al-kull to refer to teleological direction in nature (265), and by Mūsā b. Maymūn to refer to God’s stratagem in the hardships whic…

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Leaman, O.N.H., “Luṭf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 25 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_4701>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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