Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Mā Warāʾ al-Nahr
(8,348 words)

(a.) “the land which lies beyond the river”, i.e. beyond the Oxus or Āmū-Daryā [q.v.], the classical Transoxiana or Transoxania, so-called by the conquering Arabs of the 1st/7th century and after in contrast to Mā dūn al-Nahr, the lands of K̲h̲urāsān [q.v.] this side of the Oxus, although the term K̲h̲urāsān was not infrequently used vaguely to designate all the eastern Islamic lands beyond western Persia.

1. The name

The frontiers of Ma warāʾ al-nahr on the north and east were where the power of Islam ceased and depended o…

Cite this page
Barthold, W. and Bosworth, C.E., “Mā Warāʾ al-Nahr”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 27 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0592>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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