Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Maʿdin
(33,280 words)

(a.), "mine, ore, mineral, metal". In modern Arabic, the word mand̲j̲am denotes "mine", while muʿaddin means "miner" and d̲j̲amād is a mineral.

In the vast Islamic empire, minerals played an important part. There was a great need for gold, silver and copper for the minting of coins and other uses. Iron ore was indispensable for the manufacture of iron and steel for arms and implements. Other minerals such as mercury, salt and alum, as well …

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Ashtor, E., Hassan, A.Y. al-, Hill, D.R., Murphey, R. and Baer, Eva, “Maʿdin”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 14 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0602>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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