Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Madīna
(3,868 words)

(a.), urbanism, the structure and planning of the Arab town and city.

This can be reconstructed as an historical reality from a vast body of literature, including chronicles and archival documents. It embodies enlightened ideas which seem to be commented on, as it were, by the remains of all the great Arab cities that can still be seen. The concept of a Muslim “city” was formulated chiefly by French orientalists (on this subject see R.S. Humphreys, Islamic history: a framework for inquiry, Princeton 1991, 228) between 1920 and 1950; in particular see G. and W. Marçais, J. Sa…

Cite this page
Raymond, A., “Madīna”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_8799>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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