Maḥmūd Tard̲j̲umān
(289 words)

, interpreter and diplomat for the Ottomans. Born in Bavaria of a noble family, he was taken captive (probably at the age of 16) by the Turks at the battle of Mohács (1526) while serving as page to Louis II. Sent to the Palace School in Istanbul, he became famous for his extraordinary knowledge of languages. From 1550 at the latest, he served as interpreter to the Porte, with the tide ag̲h̲a , and in 1573 he was promoted to chief interpreter, with the tide beg . As Turkish ambassador he played an important role in the diplomatic relations of the Porte with the Hungarian king Joh…

Cite this page
Hazai, G., “Maḥmūd Tard̲j̲umān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 16 October 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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