Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

Get access

Makka
(45,581 words)

(in English normally “Mecca”, in French “La Mecque”), the most sacred city of Islam, where the Prophet Muḥammad was born and lived for about 50 years, and where the Kaʿba [q.v.] is situated.

1. The pre-Islamic and early Islamic periods

Geographical description.

Mecca is located in the Ḥid̲j̲āz about 72 km. inland from the Red Sea port of Jedda (D̲j̲udda [q.v.]), in lat. 21° 27′ N. and long. 39° 49′ E. It is now the capital of the province ( manātiḳ idāriyya ) of Makka in Suʿūdī Arabia, and…

Cite this page
Watt, W. Montgomery, Wensinck, A.J., Bosworth, C.E., Winder, R.B. and King, D.A., “Makka”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 30 June 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0638>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



▲   Back to top   ▲