Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,164 words)

(a.), lit. a “group (of people)”, or a “host”, or a “crowd”, like d̲j̲amāʿa , ḳawm [q.vv.], nafar , rahṭ , and more generally, “the public”, and hence, fī malaʾ , fi ’l-malaʾ “publicly” (e.g. al-Buk̲h̲ārī, Ṣaḥīḥ , 9 vols., Cairo 1958, ix, 148 = kitāb 97, bāb 15). The word also denotes decisions taken as a result of collective consultation, as in the phrase ʿan [ g̲h̲ayri ] malaʾin minnā “[not] as a result of our consultation” (Aḥmad b. Ḥanbal, Musnad , 6 vols., Cairo 1313/1895, repr. Beirut n.d., i, 463). Since collective decisions are usually taken by the leaders of the group, al-malaʾ very often…

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Rubin, U., “Malaʾ”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 04 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_1422>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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