(590 words)

b. Ziyār b. Wardāns̲h̲āh , Abu ’l-Ḥad̲j̲d̲j̲ād̲j̲ , founder of the Ziyārid dynasty [q.v.] in the Caspian regions of Persia.

Mardāwid̲j̲’s rise as a soldier of fortune in northern Persia is bound up with the decline of direct caliphal control there, seen already in the independent role of the Sād̲j̲id governors [q.v.] in Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ān towards the end of the 3rd/9th century and in the general upsurge of hitherto submerged indigenous Iranian elements, Daylamī, D̲j̲īlī and Kurdish, forming what has been called the “Daylamī interlude” of Persian history [see ḍaylam , and also buwayhids , k…

Cite this page
Bosworth, C.E., “Mardāwīd̲j̲”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 24 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

▲   Back to top   ▲