Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Mart̲h̲iya
(12,364 words)

or mart̲h̲āt (A., pl. marāt̲h̲ī ) “elegy”, a poem composed in Arabic (or in an Islamic language following the Arabic tradition) to lament the passing of a beloved person and to celebrate his merits; rit̲h̲āʾ , from the same root, denotes both lamentation and the corresponding literary genre.

1. In Arabic literature.

The origin of the mart̲h̲iya may be found in the rhymed and rhythmic laments going with the ritual movements performed as a ritual around the funeral cortège by female relatives of the deceased, before this role became the prerogative of…

Cite this page
Pellat, Ch., Hanaway, W. L., Flemming, B., Haywood, J.A. and Knappert, J., “Mart̲h̲iya”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 11 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0691>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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