Marwān II
(2,274 words)

b. Muḥammad b. Marwān b. al-Ḥakam , the last of the Ūmayyad caliphs of Syria (reigned 127/744 to 132/749-50) was, on his father’s side, a grandson of the caliph Marwān I [q.v.], but there are variant accounts concerning his mother and the year of his birth. It is frequently reported that his mother was a non-Arab woman (sometimes specified as a Kurd) who passed into the possession of Marwān’s father Muḥammad after ʿAbd al-Malik’s defeat of Muṣʿab b. al-Zubayr and his general Ibrāhīm b. al-Ashtar in 72/691. Some reports say th…

Cite this page
Hawting, G.R., “Marwān II”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 November 2018 <>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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