Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Mas̲h̲riḳ al-Ad̲h̲kār
(388 words)

, a term used in the Bahāʾī movement for four related concepts: 1. In Iran (loosely) to describe early morning gatherings for reading of prayers and sacred writings. 2. Generally of any house erected for the purpose of prayer. 3. Most widely, to refer to Bahāʾī temples ( maʿbad ) or “houses of worship”, of which six have been built on a continental basis. The earliest was constructed in As̲h̲kābād, Russian Central Asia by the expatriate Iranian Bahāʾī community there (begun 1902; completed 1920; damaged by earthquake 1948; demolished 1963). The others are: Wilmette, Illinois…

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MacEoin, D., “Mas̲h̲riḳ al-Ad̲h̲kār”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5009>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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