Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Mas̲h̲wara
(2,004 words)

(a.) or Mas̲h̲ūra , a common term for consultation, in particular by the ruler of his advisers, the latter being various defined. The term sometimes also appears to mean some kind of deliberative gathering or assembly.

The practice of consultative decision was known in pre-Islamic Arabia [see mad̲j̲lis , and malaʾ in Suppl). Two passages in the Ḳurʾān (III, 153/159, was̲h̲āwirhum fi ’l-amr and XLII, 36/38, wa-amruhum s̲h̲ūrā baynahum) are commonly cited as imposing a duty of consultation on rulers. The merits of consultation (mus̲h̲āwara and mas̲h̲wara) and the corresponding defe…

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Lewis, B., “Mas̲h̲wara”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 28 November 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5010>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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