Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Maʾṣir
(285 words)

, a technical term of fiscal practice in the hydraulic civilisation of early Islamic ʿIrāḳ, doubtless going back to earlier periods there. It is defined by al-K̲h̲wārazmī in his Mafātīḥ al-ʿulūm , 70, as “a chain or cable which is fastened right across a river and which prevents boats from getting past”, and more specifically by Ibn Rusta, 185, tr. Wiet, 213, as a barrier across the Tigris at Ḥawānīt near Dayr al-ʿĀḳūl [q.v.] consisting of a cable stretched between two ships at each side of the river, preventing ships passing by night (and thus evading the tolls levied b…

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Bosworth, C.E., “Maʾṣir”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 02 June 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5015>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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