Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Mat̲h̲nawī
(7,754 words)

(a.), the name of apoem written in rhyming couplets.

1. In Arabic literature, see muzdawid̲j̲ .

2. In Persian.

According to the prosodist S̲h̲ams-i-Ḳays (7th/13th century), the name refers to “a poem based on independent, internally rhyming lines ( abyāt-i mustaḳill-i muṣarraʿ ). The Persians call it mat̲h̲nawī because each line requires two rhyming letters— This kind ( nawʿ ) is used in extensive narratives and long stories which cannot easily be treated of in poems with one specific rhyming letter” ( al-Muʿd̲j̲am , ed. Tehran 1338/1959, 418f.). The first part of this defin…

Cite this page
Bruijn, J.T.P. de, Flemming, B. and Rahman, Munibur, “Mat̲h̲nawī”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 21 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0709>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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