Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Māzandarān
(7,117 words)

, a province to the south of the Caspian Sea bounded on the west by Gīlān [q. v.] and on the east by what was in Ḳad̲j̲ār times the province of Astarābād [q.v., formerly Gurgān); Māzandarān and Gurgān now form the modern ustān or province of Māzandarān.

1. The name. If Gurgān to the Iranians was the "land of the wolves" ( vәhrkāna , the region to its west was peopled by "Māzaynian dēws" (Bartholomae, Altir . Wörterbuch , col. 1169, under māzainya daēva ). Darmesteter, Le Zend-Avesta , ii, 373, n. 32, thought that Māzandarān was a "comparative of direction" (* Mazana-tara ; cf. S̲h̲ūs̲h̲ and S̲h̲…

Cite this page
Minorsky, V., Bosworth, C.E. and Vasmer, R., “Māzandarān”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 28 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_COM_0722>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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