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Mazār-i S̲h̲arīf
(626 words)

, a town in northern Afg̲h̲ānistān, situated in lat. 36° 42′ N. and long. 67° 06′ E., at an altitude of 1,235 feet/380 m. in the foothills of the northern outliers of the Hindū-Kus̲h̲ [q.v.].

The great classical and mediaeval Islamic town of Balk̲h̲ [q.v.], modern Wazīrābād, lay some 14 miles/20 km. to the west of Mazār-i S̲h̲arīf, and until the Tīmūrid period was the most important urban centre of the region. Previously to that time, the later Mazār-i S̲h̲arīf was marked by the village of Ḵh̲ayr, later called Ḵh̲ōd̲j̲a Ḵh̲ayrān. On two different occasions, in the 6th/12th…

Cite this page
Barthold, W. and Bosworth, C.E., “Mazār-i S̲h̲arīf”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5089>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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