Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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(1,334 words)

(a.), pl. maẓāhir , literally “place of outward appearance”, hence “manifestation, theophany”, a technical term used in a wide variety of contexts in ąīʿism, Ṣūfism, Bābism, and, in particular, Bahāʾism, where it is of central theological importance. At its broadest, the term may be applied to any visible appearance or expression of an invisible reality, reflecting the popular contrast between ẓāhir and bāṭin . In its more limited application, however, it refers to a type of theophany in which the divinity or its attributes are made visible in human form. …

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MacEoin, D., “Maẓhar”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 12 August 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5092>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007

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