Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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Meḥemmed Ii
(3,528 words)

, Ottoman sultan (reigned 848-50/1444-6 and 855-86/1451-81), called Abu ’l-Fatḥ or Fātiḥ "the Conqueror".

Considered the ultimate founder of the Ottoman Empire, he was born in Edirne on 27 Rad̲j̲ab 835/30 March 1432 as the fourth son of Murād II [q.v.] from a slave girl in the harem, and as a youth was sent to the governorship of the province of Amasya with his two lalas , [q.v.] in the spring of 846/1443. In Rabīʿ II 848/July 1444, at the age of twelve, he was recalled and declared sultan by his father, who abdicated in his favour in order to ensure his succes…

Cite this page
İnalcık, Halil, “Meḥemmed Ii”, in: Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition, Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P. Heinrichs. Consulted online on 15 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1573-3912_islam_SIM_5111>
First published online: 2012
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004161214, 1960-2007



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